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PADI Divemaster Course Watermanship Requirements

Divemaster Course – Watermanship

Stamina Exercises Confined Water Skills
Number 3 : 800M SNORKEL Diver Rescue Exercise


There are four exercises that evaluate Stamina and Water skills, each rated by points. There is no passing score for any exercise, but a combined score of 12 or more is required prior to certification. In addition, candidates complete all exercises prior to certification. Students who fall short of a combined score of 12 may be given time to practice and develop their abilities while continuing in other areas of the course.

The candidate must swim 400m without stopping using no swimming aids and using any stroke or combination of strokes desired. If a candidate stops, the exercise is incomplete and must be repeated.

400m time Points
under 6 min, 30 sec 5
6 min, 30 sec to 8 min, 40 sec 4
8 min 40 sec to 11 min 3
11 min to 13 min 2
more than 13 min 1
stopped incomplete

STAMINA EXERCISE 2: 15 Minute Tread
Using no aids and wearing only a swim suit, the candidate will stay a float by treading water, drown proofing, bobbing or floating for 15 minutes, with hands (not arms) out of the water during the last 2 minutes. A candidate with a physical challenge that makes it difficult/impossible to hold hands out of the water is exempt that portion of the exercise with no effect on the score.

Criteria Points
Performed satisfactorily 5
Stayed afloat,but hands not out of the water entire 2 minutes 3
used side/bottom for a momentary support but no more than once or twice 1
used side/bottom for support more than once or twice incomplete

STAMINA EXERCISE 3: 800 m Snorkel
Using a mask, fins, snorkel and swim suit only (no BCD or floatation aids) and swimming with the face in the water, the candidate must swim nonstop for 800m. The candidate may not use arms to swim, unless the candidate has a physical challenge that limits leg and arm swimming is the individual’s normal swimming method while diving. If the candidate stops, the exercise is incomplete and must be repeated.

800 metres Time Points
under 14 min 5
14 to 16 min, 30 sec. 4
16 min, 30 sec to 18 min, 30 sec 3
18 min, 30 to 21 min 2
more than 21 min 1
stopped incomplete

STAMINA EXERCISE 4: 100m inert Diver Tow
Wearing full scuba equipment, the candidate must push or tow an inert diver in full scuba at the surface 100m nonstop without assistance. Note that this is a swimming power evaluation (speed against drag) not a rescue evaluation. If a candidate stops, the exercise is incomplete and must be repeated.

100 m Time Points
under 2 min, 10 sec 5
2 min, 10 sec to 3 min, 15 sec 4
3 min, 15 sec to 4 min, 20sec 3
4 min, 20 sec to 5 min, 30 sec 2
more than 5 min, 30 1
stopped incomplete


The Diver Rescue assessment and development has three goals. First, it evaluates effectiveness to assure that the candidate can perform a rescue if necessary in an emergency. Second, it improves the quality of the rescue skills to be more a role model for assisting with a PADI Rescue Course. Third, it forms the foundation of demonstration quality rescues required during a instructor examination should the candidate wish proceed to instructor level.
This exercise is the simulated rescue of an unresponsive non-breathing diver. It applies a PASS/FAIL evaluation criteria. The exercises maybe conducted in a pool, confined water or open water in the following manner:

1.0   The victim in full scuba gear and submerged around 25 m from the ” rescuer ” (candidate). The rescue starts from the pool deck, shore or boat as appropriate.
2.0 At a given signal, the rescuer enters the water, locates and surfaces the victim, properly checks for and initiates breathing, tows the victim while removing own and victim’s weights, mask and scuba unit, and removes the victim from the water. (Equipment handlers to collect gear)
3.0 To pass as an effective rescue the candidate must have done each of the following :
3.1 Upon surfacing, the rescue establishes the victims buoyancy
3.2 Look, listen and feel for breathing of the victim.
3.3 Open the airway and give two slow rescue (simulated) breaths
3.4 Call for Help
3.5 Give effective in water rescue breathing technique.
3.6 Protect the victims airway with no or very few interruptions
3.7 Maintain regular ventilation’s with no or very few interruptions.
3.8 Resume any ventilation interruptions with two slow rescue breaths
3.9 Perform the rescue without any assistance except the exit where the individuals physical characteristics and/or the environment may require assistance.
  Note there is no time limit for the rescue.


The Confined Water Assessment and Development has two purposes – to verify that the candidate can be perform the 18 basic dive skills from the PADI Skill evaluation, and to train the candidate to perform these skills to demonstration quality.

PART ONE: Developing Demonstration Quality Skills.

The candidate will be shown how to perform the removal and replacement of a mask under water skill to demonstration quality. The goal is to learn how to emphasize the skill and demonstrate it in a very slow manner to enable student divers to learn the steps and critical attributes. After sufficient practice the skill must be performed at a score of 4 or better before moving on to Part Two.

  Skill Evaluation Scores – Score Characteristics
1    Candidate unable to perform exercise
2 Exercise performed with significant difficulty or error
3 Performed correctly, though too quickly to adequately exhibit or illustrate details of the skill.
4 Performed correctly and slowly enough to adequately exhibit or demonstrate details of the skill
5 Performed correctly, slowly and with exaggerated movement- appeared easy.

PART TWO: Performing the 18 basic Scuba Skills from the PADI Skill Evaluation.

After demonstrating a 4 or 5 for the Mask removal and replacement skill, the candidate should then be ready to apply demonstration principles to the 18 basic scuba skills listed below.
A skill demonstrated at the level 3, is adequate for someone to learn from, however the goal of the exercise is to make your skills more effective as a teaching tool by striving for the 4 or 5 levels.
Candidates must demonstrate the 18 skills listed below, with no individual score to be less than 3 and an total point score of at least 63. The mask removal skill must be repeated during this portion of the exercise.

1.0 Equipment assembly, adjustment, preparation, donning and disassembly
2.0 Pre-dive safety check (BWRAF)
3.0 Deep water entry
4.0 Buoyancy check at the surface
5.0 Five point ascent
6.0 Remove and replace weight belt
7.0 Fin pivot (neutral buoyancy)
8.0 Five point ascent
9.0 Snorkel – regulator/ regulator- snorkel exchange
10.0 Remove and replace scuba unit underwater
11.0 Hovering motionless
12.0 Buddy breathing stationary, donor and receiver.
13.0 Buddy breathing while swimming, donor
14.0 Mask removal, replacement and clearing
15.0 Buddy breathing while swimming, receiver
16.0 Alternate Air Source stationary
17.0 Freeflow regulator breathing
18.0 Controlled Emergency Swimming Ascent (CESA)